Even when all the K-pop music fandom try targeted at male idols, it papers centers primarily towards sexual objectification, lookism, and you may sexism in lady idols’ tunes additionally the potential influence on fans’ (mostly younger https://datingmentor.org/nl/sugarbook-overzicht females) sex thinking
You should data this part of K-pop since it is alot more challenging regarding new dim reality regarding intercourse circumstances within the Korea: Though Korea has effectively modernized their economy, it lags far about almost every other OECD (Organization to own Financial Co-procedure and Creativity) regions regarding intercourse equality ( Bethmann & Rudolf, 2016 ; Rudolf & Kang, 2015 ). Featuring new widest intercourse pay gap as well as the terrible performing environment for females among rich countries, Korea’s ranking on the Global Sex Gap List are on par which have Muslim-bulk nations better-recognized for its discrimination against women and rated better underneath the stubbornly patriarchal The japanese ( GGGR, 2015 ; PwC, 2017 ; The fresh Economist, 2016 ).
Scholars was indeed evaluating and you can criticizing new overly sexualized, tend to sexist stuff, and the propagation off lookism from inside the K-pop music and revealing their prospective effect on K-pop admirers. Prior to this type of conversations and you can accepting the possible lack of difficult evidence throughout the argument, so it paper shows the next theory: In the event that K-pop in fact encourages sexist principles additionally the objectification of women (since established in area II), the in the world victory may have bad effects into development of gender equivalence around the world. ; and 2) What’s the relationships anywhere between K-pop fandom and you can fans’ thinking toward section out of work anywhere between folk within this and outside the family?
This research mainly causes the current books regarding the pursuing the several ways. Very first, that with a separate and you can recently accumulated investigation group of 6,317 observations off a hundred places, this study contributes uncommon hard empirical facts towards the argument from how K-pop music has an effect on fans’ intercourse thinking. Next, the analysis shows how sexism, lookism, and you will sexualization might not just be soft social facts, however, may actually influence private thinking how reduced and you may unpaid functions would be split up ranging from gents and ladies. Although not, it should even be indexed that the research doesn’t wish to measure any causal consequences. Because of the constraints from a corner-sectional survey framework, results need to be interpreted because correlations as opposed to causation.
Ergo, the study concerns become examined are as follows: 1) What is the dating within standard of K-pop fandom (mentioned of the a person’s desire to cover K-pop circumstances and you can circumstances) and personal gender perceptions?
The rest of this information is prepared the following. This will deliver the conceptual reason behind the research hypothesis and the latest empirical investigation. Section III raises the new survey structure, analysis put and you can details, and you can presents descriptive statistics of one’s parameters used in this research. Section IV merchandise new empirical methods useful for data and you will empirical abilities. Section V stops the article.
Sexism, such as for instance sexist perceptions with the lady, hence largely stem from antique stereotypes on the sex roles, is amongst the chief offenders one to substitute the way in which from sex equivalence. Past research has examined sex-role stereotyping into the sounds films ( Aubrey & Frisby, 2011 ; Kalof, 1999 ; Kistler & Lee, 2009 ; Seidman, 1992 ) and other news versions ( Lauzen, Dozier, & Horan, 2008 ; Wood, 1994 ), and discovered you to definitely compared to the males, women can be very likely to become intimately objectified and you can kept so you’re able to stricter physical appearance criteria. Also, women can be and additionally usually depicted with techniques you to stresses traditional sex roles: guys was stronger, dominant, aggressive, and you will unlawful, while women was indeed very likely to feel showed because the weakened, built, submissive, and you may caring. Though some K-pop music organizations and you may idols frequently problem old-fashioned sex roles because of their androgynous otherwise homoerotic imageries (such as for instance, Amber off f(x), Jo Kwon from 2AM, and Lee Hong-gi away from F.T. Island) and you will remind much more egalitarian intercourse perceptions, the popular K-pop painters, instance lady teams, was basically conforming toward preferred stereotypes.